Sharon Vaughn answers that in the International Reading Association blog site -the following question from a teacher.
What Type of Literature Circle Grouping Works Best—Same Ability or Mixed Ability?
Click here to read what latest research says about ability, mixed, pairing, small group and 1 to 1 instructional grouping. Basic summary use it all!– find your purpose, identify the standards you are addressing, look at your data and provide a lot of high engaged opportunities in the classroom. The wonderful opportunity here is that this recommendation can be done in any language and it will not only support learning of core tier 1 instruction but also provide opportunity for additional options for interventions.
Professor Claudia Rinaldi is the Chair of the Education Program at Lasell University. Her areas of research are the implementation of the Multi-Tier System of Supports (MTSS) framework in urban settings with English learners, teacher education in bilingual special education, and diversifying the teacher pipeline. Claudia has authored peer-reviewed publications and a book for educators called Practical Ways to Engage All Struggling Readers. She lead and developed a graduate certificate program in Teaching Bilingual Students with Disabilities for general, ESL and special education teachers geared towards applying research-informed practices to the questions and processes of identifying whether it is a language difference or a learning disability. Claudia developed a college mentoring program called Pathways to Teacher Diversity for districts and teacher education programs to partner in identifying and supporting underrepresented high school students interested in teaching careers to successfully access and persist in college. She serves in various boards including the National Center for Learning Disabilities and serves as an expert for Understood.org and the National Center for Intensive Interventions.
Professor Claudia Rinaldi believes that it is critical to prepare teacher leaders who may serve as advocates and allies and who will respond to the belief that all students can learn and succeed beyond barriers like culture, language, disability poverty, and marginalization in our country and globally.