I wanted to share an interview I participated in last week with Rachel Kramer Theodorou, Senior Lecturer in Education and Elementary Faculty Leader at Brandies University. Rachel invited me to this interview to share with her pre-service teachers how to teach English Learners in a sheltered English immersion and bilingual programs. The focus was on how MTSS can support bilingual English learners.
In the first part of this interview, I discuss my own background as an English learner and how my personal experiences led me to become a teacher. In addition, I talk about how mentoring at the graduate level helped to grow as a researcher and future teacher preparation faculty in special education and bilingual education.
In the second part of the interview, I discuss how my line of research has focused on what drives teachers to refer students for special education and in particular, what drives them to refer bilingual English learners for special education. I also speak about my expertise in consulting with school districts who implement a multi-tiered system of support (MTSS) and how to address the needs of bilingual English learners with and without disabilities in the MTSS model.
Below are key takeaways for teachers to ensure that they address and advocate for the needs of bilingual English learners.
- Ensure and advocate that English Learners with Disabilities access the general education curriculum and that they are not taken out during the time of literacy and math class. ESL supports happens before and/or after. Tier 1/Core instruction is the general education curriculum with ESL.
- If implementing MTSS and you are developing a Tier 2, ensure that the ESL teacher is included in the selection and modifications needed in the intervention so that the bilingual English learners can access the content of the intervention.
- Ensure that you deliver the Tier 1 and Tiered interventions are delivered as intended. Many times we don’t measure whether if we projected 3 times 20 minutes each week for six weeks that the students is getting 18 interventions. Sometimes we remove interventions too quickly or leave them too long before checking that they are working for the particular students
- When does special education come in? Any student can be referred to special education at any time there is a concern either by a parent or teachers. MTSS nor ESL can NOT be used to delay a referral to special education. It is also true that you cannot remove ESL supports even when the students need special education. Removing ESL violates language and civil rights law. Delaying special education evaluation because they are still learning English is also in violation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Here is also a link to the article that Rachel and I refer throughout the interview found at ColorinColorado.org Helping English Language Learners Succeed in Multi-tiered System of Support (MTSS) https://www.colorincolorado.org/article/helping-english-language-learners-succeed-multi-tiered-system-support-mtss
Claudia is the Endowed Joan Wieler Arno 49 Professor at Lasell University. She is currently a full professor of education and chair of the Education Program. Claudia has been a teacher, researcher, consultant, and professor of special education.